Eruptions on Mount Yasur - Tanna Island

Eruptions on Mount Yasur - Tanna Island

Vanuatu
Vanuatu

When Is the Best Time

With 500 explosions each day and being one of the most accessible volcanos it’s a must to visit Mount Yasur if visiting Vanuatu. There is increasing activity from May onwards during the drier season due to colder night temps. Tanna Island is a rip-off; however, it’s worth coming here for Yasur! It is a long journey getting to Tanna the reason I recommend doing the volcano trip at least twice. The first evening when we experienced this untamable power of mother earth asking ourselves what we are doing here. The next evening we'd already known what to expect. We were much better prepared and it was incredible. Continue reading to figure out the best time for this once in a lifetime adventure, my 7 must-know tips; 1) Volcano Activity and Accessibility 2) Weather 3) Crowds 4) Where to Stay and Where Not! 5) What to Wear and Bring 6) Transport 7) Things to Do on Tanna Island.

Yasur Volcano Activity and Accessibility

Reaching Yasur volcano before darkness with ash clouds above
Our first glimpse of Yasur volcano

The activity is monitored to protect the local people and tourists. Mount Yasur Volcano is a high-risk area. There is a permanent exclusion zone that is prohibited from entering. Volcano activity is scaled into five levels. Already level three is severe and dangerous. Since the end of 2015, the activity is at level 2. In June 2018 an ash plume was up to 1.5 km / 5000 feet high. In November 2019 strong explosions occurred. Be aware of the risk when visiting Yasur.

  • Level 1
    It's a couple of years ago that this level occurred.
  • Level 2
    This is a fascinating and thrilling level, but risky as well. It's not recommended to visit the volcano with kids for safety reasons. There is already a risk to get hit by lava bombs. The fiery eruptions are getting stronger during the dry season and colder nights temps from May onwards. Colder temps increase the activity. Nearby houses get shaken by some of the stronger eruptions which are terrifying loud, especially during the night.
  • Level 3 and Level 4
    Ash plumes may get thrown to the other side of the volcano to the huge ash plain where you pass the volcano by 4 WD Jeep. If this happens the village, the eastern side, and the Yasur Volcano are not accessible.

Check the recent activity of Mount Yasur

Weather - Climate Tanna Island

Sunset on Tanna island at the sea

Usually, there is a dry and a wet season on Tanna Island, Vanuatu but Mount Yasur has its own microclimate. Rain occurs throughout the year due to the many eruptions and ash clouds. During the dry season, it often rains in the night or morning. The wet season lasts from November until April. Day temps are around 30°C. while nights are still pleasant around 20°C. During the dry season, day temps range between the mid to high 20s and night temps are colder on average between 14°C to 18°C.

Visiting Time and Crowds

Our group is reaching the crater rim of Yasur volcano
Our group is reaching the crater rim of Yasur

Tours to the crater rim are offered from dawn till dusk.

  • The morning tour starts very early in darkness around 4 am without the ceremony. Pro: very view people come so early to experience the active volcano. You experience the active volcano with its fiery lava in darkness and with daylight as well. Con: Showers occur quite often.
  • During the day lots of day-trippers come here but still bearable. Pro: You can stay on one of the other islands as well. Con.: It’s impressive but not as spectacular as during the evening. The glow is most breathtaking in pitch darkness.
  • The evening tour starts around 4 pm with a ceremony before you drive up to Mount Yasur. You arrive shortly before sunset; when it gets dark, it is just mind-blowing. Con.: It can get crowded between 40-80 people. You should experience at least one tour in the evening.
     
Accommodations Mount Yasur

Close to the volcano are several guesthouses and lodges as well as in the distance on the hills. Check wisely which lodge you like to book in advance. These are the ones we can recommend since we’d been there. Ours was the worst we’ve ever been to especially the food. We were starving most of the time. We’d chosen a lodge due to the perfect location just opposite the National Park entrance. A big mistake!

Hotels and Ressorts in Tanna Island
White Grass Ocean Resort and its excellent restaurant

You'd like to witness this exhilarating force of mother nature? It is advisable to book your return flight, tour, and accommodation in advance. You have to stay here at least for one night.

  • If you prefer comfort and an amazing location at the beach on the western side of Tanna not far from Mount Yasur the Friendly Beach is the perfect bungalow with an en-suite bathroom. This is our favourite now since we had this awful experience during our stay in the village.
     
  • If you are limited in time, or don't want to miss common amenities, we can highly recommend the White Grass Ocean Resort and Spa.

    Waiting for lunch at the White Grass Hotel

    We came here twice for lunch and snorkelling as well. The staff was super friendly, the food outstanding, and still affordable. They offer the Mount Yasur evening trip for their guests as well as diving and plenty of other tours.

    The White Grass Ocean Resort and the wonderful surroundings
Top Tour Tips
  • Air Vanuatu is offering the flights from Port Vila to Tanna; Whitegrass (TAH) and also from the island Santo; Luganville (SON).
  • Check out the available hotels and guesthouses on Tanna Island. Have in mind the very cheap ones are pretty basic. When we visited Tanna we had mice and cockroaches in our room. 
  • Book your tour with GetYourGuide and get your pick-up from the airport or hotel.

Best Months to Visit

Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Location and Tips

Tanna Island, Mount Yasur
Vanuatu
Vanuatu

The main tourist attraction of Vanuatu is Mount Yasur volcano 361 m high and easily accessible. Erupting for more than 800 years already up to 500 times each day. In the beginning, you get frightened of the noise at each explosion, but by the time, you get used to it and, in the end, addicted. It is thrilling on top of the crater rim, witnessing the angry volcano and the fiery explosions. If you have any issues with your ears, protect them from loud explosions every few minutes. Tanna Island doesn’t have the infrastructure you are used to. Most accommodations are cheap, basic and with a shared bathroom. A hot shower is rare. Although Tanna has its own coffee plantations, don’t expect to get a good one only at the White Grass Hotel. The island has roughly 30.000 residents.

Fuming Yasur view from the next village
The view to fuming Mount Yasur from the village

The National Park entrance of Mount Yasur is about a 1.5-hour drive from the White Grass Airport. Most accommodations close to the volcano require a fee of 2.500 p.p. for the pick-up. A self-organized transport is cheaper but may take a couple of hours, and you miss the opportunity to watch the spectacle already on your day of arrival. Rain showers are common throughout the year around the volcano. If it’s not raining, don’t think twice, just book the tour. The drive to the village next to the volcano is already spectacular. When you enter the gravel and bumpy road, the adventure begins.

First view from the gravel road to Yasur in the distance
Mount Yasur in the distance

The view to Mount Yasur from far away is already promising. Due to the fertile volcanic soil, the lush vegetation and the ancient banyan trees are just beautiful. When you get closer to Mount Yasur, you drive above an ash plain which looks like a lunarscape. You could get to the crater rim from here, but that’s dangerous and prohibited. Sometimes you can watch people ash boarding (volcano boarding).

Another side of Mount Yasur with a huge black ash field
It is prohibited to climb Yasur from the ash field without a guide.

The Guided Tour to the Crater Rim

First, the local tribe starts with a ceremony and dancing. Asking the chief for entrance to the volcano. The gift is a kava root. The women have unique Tannese face painting.

A ceremony is held by the villagers before accessing Yasur

After that, the visitors are separated into groups and led to one of the jeeps sitting in the trunk. It’s roughly a 10 minutes drive and another ten walking to the crater rim.

A bumpy road up to Yasur in a 4WD

When you get close to the crater, you experience the first eruptions; the grumbles and groans, you get terrified and want to run away. Every few minutes (we came here in May at level 2), we saw erupting lava and fireworks from the three vents. Fascinating! We did the tour twice in the evening — the advantage for the second time we’d know what to experience. We were more fascinated and less scared. The first evening it was utterly windy. We got so much ash into our face. At the second tour, we were better prepared; the Tradewind was not that strong from another direction, and it was even better to watch the spectacle. We were glad we did this adventure twice and couldn't get enough in the end!

Mount Yasur National Park entrance
National Park entrance to Mount Yasur

Packing List Mount Yasur Tour

  • Long trousers and long sleeves better a wind jacket; it’s often windy at the crater rim (Protect your entire body from the ash).
  • Buff or hoody for your head
  • Safety glasses (after the first tour, all of us had little crumbs in the eyes until the next morning)
  • Mask or scarf (depending on the Tradewind, you inhale sulfur gas and ash)
  • If having trouble with your ears; earplugs may be helpful; eruptions can be very loud.
  • Torch or headlight for the sunset and sunrise tour.
  • Insect repellent if not wearing long trousers and sleeves, mossies don't care about the bad air quality.
     

Entrance Fee

  1. tour almost 10.000 VT / 80 € / 125 AUD
  2. tour 6.500 VT / 54 € / 84 AUD
  3. tour for free just the Jeep transport 500 VT p.p.
     
Basic huts in the village
Most bungalows/huts look like this one.

Packing List for a Short Stay on Tanna

I asked the villagers for coconuts
I asked the villagers for coconuts. The trees are full, but they are not sold.

  • Most so-called lodges are on a very basic standard; we had mice, spiders, and cockroaches but slept well in our own sleeping bag.
  • Plenty of drinking water; our accommodation was running out of bottled water. We got to drink the rainwater only. Due to the massive ash in the air, it’s not advisable to drink. Yep, the residents drink this water, but I got issues with my stomach.
  • Lack of food and snacks depending on the accommodation. You can't buy anything around the volcano nor at the airport. We were starving. 
  • Mosquito net protects you from the pest as well, depending on the kind of lodge you choose.
  • Soap and towel if you chose a cheap hut!
     
Offered Tours for Mount Yasur
Erupting Yasur with fire and ash clouds
  • Day trips from Port Vila by Air Taxi Vanuatu - amazing view from the plane to the volcano.
  • The White Grass Hotel offers One-night excursions.
  • Fly to Tanna for a couple of days; book the trip at your hotel or stay relatively close to Mount Yasur. We did, and I recommend this, but honestly, we were travelling for eight months and had plenty of time available. You may visit Vanuatu just once, and to be on the safe side for the most thrilling adventure and force of mother earth, stay at least two nights.

Transport on Tanna Island

A bumpy road is leading to Yasur

It doesn’t matter where you stay; you always depend on a shuttle. On the western side, it’s pretty easy just wait along the road for a cheaply shared taxi shuttle. Necessary are coins and small notes. On the eastern side, it’s more expensive and more difficult. Some lodges assist you, and sometimes local people offer you a lift for free. We experienced all of it during our five days stay. Several times we decided to walk a couple of kilometres.

Things to Do on Tanna Island

a green sea turtle on our snorkel trip around Tanna

First of all, try to explore the island a little bit by yourself. Of course, the different communities like to participate in tourism, but there is much to discover on Tanna. For the famous Blue Cave, a guided boat tour is needed. The majority are low budget tourists, and these prices are not affordable. Several guesthouse owners told us about their difficulty to get their rooms rented nowadays. Already viewer low budget tourists visit the island nowadays. However, we would make the trip to Tanna immediately again. We experienced friendly and attentive local people but also the opposite. I try to give you an idea of what is offered and what you can do almost for free or at least cheaper.

  • Mount Yasur Volcano is expensive but worth doing at least once! However, the second visit is already cheaper and the third for free.
  • Port Resolution; Situated eight km east of the National Park entrance. There are beautiful white sandy beaches and simple but good seafood restaurants.
  • The giant banyan tree of incredible size. I assume this is the biggest banyan tree in the world. You can get there by feet. It’s a 5 km walk from Lenakel through lush vegetation and villages. Ask local people before where to start but not along the way to the tree. They want to guide you for a high amount and bend your ears. Sorry to say this, and I understand people need an income, but it wasn't very pleasant. Getting there by a jeep, we got asked to pay 3000 VT p.p. Figure out the location with a navigation app 'cause wifi is limited on the island, and you will find the tree easily. When you reach the area, you can see the massive tree down to the left. Someone from the community will sit there and ask for 2000 VT p.p., roughly 32 € for two. We spent there an hour or so. We walked through and around the incredible massive tree. It was worth doing because we spent five days on the island. Afterwards, we walked back to our guesthouse close to Lenakel.

    The biggest Banyan tree on Tanna and probably in the world
    The biggest Banyan tree on Tanna and probably in the world
     
  • The underwater cave; located northwest on Tanna island. Accessible by boat only. There is a light beam through a 5-meter hole. You can swim into the cave at low tide and dive into at high tide—price p.p. for the boat ride and the entrance roundabout 9.500 VT. 
  • The White Grass Hotel, Restaurant, and awesome snorkel spot; We came here for lunch several times, so delicious, and we enjoyed the beautiful scenery. Guests can leave their valuables at the reception and snorkel for free. At the back of the hotel is a boardwalk that leads you to the sea and a staircase. It's used for their boat trips and snorkelling as well. They have a long rope in the water for their guests, which helps to get back due to the current. The water is clear, and the corals are 10-15 m deep; the reason they didn’t get destroyed by Cyclone Pam in 2015. Snorkel to the left if possible; at low tide. Low tide makes it easier to get back. Not very far away, you may spot turtles, although they escape as soon as they recognize you. We assume they get hunted.

    Boardwalk at the White Grass Hotel to reach the sea despite the tide
    Boardwalk at the White Grass Hotel to reach the sea despite the tide
     
  • Blue Hole One and Two are great for snorkelling; It’s a stroll from the White Grass Hotel to the north. It’s nice but not spectacular for snorkelling IMO. It isn't easy to get in and especially out with the sharp corals. Hideaway Island at Port Vila was the best spot of all in Vanuatu. 

    Blue Hole one with dry coral rocks at the beginning
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