Swim With Manatees in Florida - 7 Must-Know Tips

Swim With Manatees in Florida - 7 Must-Know Tips

United States
United States

When Is the Best Time

Swim With Manatees in Florida

During wintertime, the manatees migrate to Crystal River, Florida, because they get stressed by the cold gulf if the temperature goes below 68°F / 20°C. However, they look like to be prepared for cold temperatures. Their bodies do not have much fat for insulation. The estimated population around the Florida coast is 7.500-10.000 manatees.

Hundreds of manatees in the crystal clear water
Hundreds of manatees stuck together around the spring.

The reason that they gather around the springs: the springs have a constant temp of 74°F/23°C. During high tide, they move to the Three Sisters Springs, and at low tide, they gather outside in the channel at Idiot’s Delight I and II. 

A snorkler in Crystal River observing the sea cows under water
I with a well-needed aqua noodle if swimming with manatees in deep water.

The best months for swimming with manatees in Florida are from mid-November to late March. They gather in huge numbers at the springs only in the wintertime.

They migrate to the springs when the sea temperature is too cold for them. The springs have a constant temperature of 20°C/68°F, which they need to survive.

Manatee Info Graphic

While manatees can be found in large numbers from mid-November until mid-March, exceptions are possible. In 2018, for example, they already left the springs in mid-February due to an unusually high day temperature. On the other hand, in one year, they stayed until April, even early May.

A manatee direct under me in crystal clear water
The visibility depends on the movement and the number of manatees in the spring.

To be on the safe side, stick to the months mentioned above. It is an unforgettable experience when a manatee comes close and gives you a kiss or even hugs you. That was incredible.

Manatee Season in Florida

Mid-November-March

Manatees feeding
These are younger, smaller sea cows feeding on seagrass - pic from our small group tour

This is the time to spot Manatees and swim with them. The total population in Crystal River can reach up to 800 manatees in the winter. That's why so many visitors come in the winter months. Be prepared to compete with the best tour spots with hundreds of others. That's why it's essential to book in advance. If they are fully booked, no chance of getting on a tour.

Me snorkeling and completely hugged by a manatee
My fantastic underwater manatee pics were taken with my Olympus Tough TG-6 50ft/15m waterproof camera, which I held in my right hand when the manatee hugged me.

The Olympus Tough TG-6 is a pocketable, ultra-rugged camera with serious protection against the elements: Waterproof to 15m (45ft), shockproof from 2.1m (7ft), crushproof to 100kgf (220lbf), freezeproof to -10°C (14°F), and dustproof. It supports RAW mode - the most essential feature for me to do post-processing of images.

I was wondering who was hugging me and trying to take me on a dive. I was glad to have the aqua noddle from the tour company.

However, the most important is that the manatees don't get disturbed by these tours. Groups are small and spread throughout the day. From my own experience, the manatees love the interactions with the snorkelers as long as they stay calm - no hectic movements. I got hugged and kissed by different manatees.

 

 

These are my recommended tours via GetYourGuide with 24 hours advance cancellation policy. Thx for booking via my website! With your support, I am able to provide all information first-hand. Tour prices are at no extra cost!

April-October

One manatee at the spring in summer
If you are fortunate, you may spot one or two manatees in the spring in summer.

As they migrated to the ocean, you won't see large numbers of Manatees in Florida from spring until fall. That's why the manatee population ranges between 60-90 only in the Crystal River area outside of the winter months. That also means there are still some manatee residents, and there is a chance that you might spot one or two. It's still a nice overall experience as it's much quieter, with very few other visitors. Now you are allowed to swim by yourself at Chrystal River Springs.

Best Daytime at Crystal River

The first snorkelers at sunrise at Crystal River
The early morning manatee tour by River Ventures is the best IMO.

It is almost impossible to avoid crowds while swimming with the manatees. Even in the early morning, expect 30 to 40 people in the water. However, the Three Sisters Springs are tranquil when they open the gate early in the morning, and the manatees are most active during that time of day. That means early morning bookings are necessary for the best experience, regardless of other visitors.

Several manatees in the channel
That is the narrow channel to the spring.

Do you just want to spot the manatees without swimming? Also, get there early in the morning, as this is the time when the manatees are active. During the day and in the afternoon, they rest and gather together.

The Crystal River - Three Sisters Springs Park Sign
This wheelchair-accessible boardwalk leads around the Three Sisters Springs.

However, it is impressive when hundreds of manatees stick together at the springs and in the small channels. The views from the boardwalk into the springs and the channel are fantastic.

Weather

Hundreds of manatees at the main spring
The area behind the ribbon is a No-Go Zone!

The manatee peak season can be pretty chilly in the morning. On average, it's roughly 50°F/10°C cold in the early morning. We experienced 28°F/-2°C, which does not happen often. It was pretty cold when we got out of the water. Day temps are usually between 58°F/15°C and 70°F/21°C. Precipitation occurs year-round, with its peak in the summer months. It’s quite hot and muggy in the summer. The temperatures are around 90°F/32°C, and mosquitos can be an issue.

How Long to Stay
Manatees at on of the Crystal River Springs
Manatees inside at one of the Crystal River Springs.

Regardless if you plan to swim with manatees or just want to spot them, I highly recommend staying here for a couple of days. Visit the Three Sisters Spring, have a look at one of the many other springs like the Rainbow Springs and enjoy the manatee encounter. Actually, we planned camping in the Rainbow Springs State Park. Due to the cold night temps of 32°F, we booked a room at the Hampton Inn Crystal River instead last minute. It was just a 5 minutes drive to our manatee tour the next morning. We loved the great breakfast each day.

Best Months to Visit

Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Location and Tips

Florida, Crystal River
United States
United States

Many years ago, I saw a picture with hundreds of manatees close together. When we decided to leave our jobs to explore a little bit of our wonderful earth, I knew it was time to watch these fascinating animals related to elephants. It is usually guaranteed to watch them during winter at Crystal River National Wildlife Refuge, established in 1983 to protect the West Indian Manatees.

Four younger manatees in shallow water
These curious guys came close to us on our second small group tour.

This refuge preserves the last undeveloped habitat in Kings Bay. Kings Spring is the largest natural spring in the bay and the primary source of the Crystal River. The spring is located in Citrus County, which is quite busy during the wintertime due to the vast number of manatees in King’s Bay.

A manatee in front of me in the water
The visibility was much better on our second tour.

It’s the largest gathering of manatees in the world during the winter months. Everybody wants to get nose to nose with a manatee. You definitely spot them in high numbers inside and outside of the springs.  

Resting manatees
Please, don't disturb resting manatees.

The manatees spend the majority of their time resting around the springs. They are motionless while resting during the day. 

The Three Sisters Springs at Crystal River

Birding at Three Sisters - Crane
Birding is also excellent here at the springs.

It's the perfect location to observe manatees along the boardwalk. Volunteers answer all questions and offer guided walking and birding trails. Birding is outstanding around the springs, so we came here for a second visit. 

  • Parking: 
    You either have to park your car one mile away at the Three Sisters Springs Center and take a trolley that departs every 30 minutes to get there, or park your car nearby and walk on foot. For your navigation system, enter 123 NW U.S. 19, Crystal River, FL 34428, following the Google Maps Link.
     
  • Opening Hours:  
    The Three Sisters Spring is open daily from 8.30 am to 4.30 pm; the ticket sale closes at 3.30 pm. Sharp closure at 4.30 pm.
     
  • Entrance Fee:
    Discount with National Park Pass.
    Summer (April to November 14) adults $ 12.50 children (age 6-15) $ 7.50 younger for free
    Winter (November 15 to March) adults $ 20.00 children $ 7.50 same than in summer

Swimming and kayaking are allowed during the summer. Nevertheless, there isn’t any access through the refuge. You'd have to come by boat or kayak to get into it. You may spot a manatee, but there are very few around in summer.

Two kayaks at Crystal River
Kayaking is another excellent water activity here.

If you don’t like to swim in the river in winter, you can go on a kayak tour to get a closer look. There are plenty of tour operators around Crystal River to swim or kayak with the manatees and dive into the cavern at Kings Spring. However, you can also spot them in huge numbers already from the boardwalk of the Three Sisters Spring.

7 Must-Know Tips to Swim With Manatees

Manatee with half of the head out of the water.
A curious manatee came up close to our tour boat.
  1. Try to book a morning tour as you'll experience the most manatee activity then.
  2. You get a wetsuit borrowed because of the cold outside temperature. I have to confess this was not enough for us. Luckily we had additional neoprene protection with a hoody in our bag. IMO this was utterly necessary to stay a little longer in the water. 
  3. Manatees are usually curious; however, let the manatee decide if it likes to interact with you. Leave your hand still in the water, and they may come, roll over to get pet at their belly. The skin is not soft, more like a grater and warm. 
  4. Manatees are heavy and push you easily underwater by accident. Therefore you get an aqua noddle to stay safe during the guided trip. If your tour leads to shallow water where you can stay, it is less challenging. However, I was surrounded by three manatees playing and got hit on my second trip. Afterwards, I always stood in the shallow water, although these cute guys prodded me to get back. I always left my hand in the water, and the three came to get pet again.
  5. Some tour companies offer pictures on a USB stick, a CD or online afterwards. Check the quality of the pics before you decide to buy them. Due to the many people and manatees in the water, visibility and clarity, pictures are sometimes not as good as you may expect.
  6. Do I recommend swimming with manatees? Yes, absolutely, the manatees don't get disturbed if you follow the rules. You get an introduction first. However, you are not in the zoo; interactions are not predictable. 
  7. Book a second trip and enjoy the marvellous experience even more. After we'd known what to expect and how to behave, we were more relaxed. These interactions were even better.

The Uncertain Future of the Manatees

View to a manatee from the boat.
A curious manatee is looking at me in the boat.

These amazing giants don’t have any natural enemies, but humans cause the biggest threats. The year 2021 was the worst ever for the manatee population in Florida. I assume you heard the news of starving and dying manatees along the coasts and in the Florida channels. The sad record of 2020 doubled, meaning more than one thousand manatees died in 2021. They depend on seagrass but can't find enough any longer. Nutrition pollution causes algae blooms, the reason for the disappeared seagrass. There are many efforts for the replantation of seagrass and better wastewater management. I hope the winter won't be too hard and stressful for them to cause even more deaths. 

In December 2021, US wildlife agencies announced to start an experimental feeding program. An estimated 90% of the seagrass in the Indian River Lagoon disappeared. Another experiment is to regrow the needed seagrass for the sea cows.

The elegant tale of a sea cow.
Also called gentle Florida mermaids.
  • They get injured by boats.
  • Disturbed by humans
  • Loss their habitat
    (It was planned to use the land around the springs for building houses and bottle the spring water. Thanks to all backers who prevented these plans!!).

    9 West Indian Manatee Facts

    Manatee at the spring while snorkeling
    Don't move; let the manatee interact with you.
    1. The manatees migrate from Kings Bay and the Gulf of Mexico to the different springs during winter to survive.
    2. They need a water temp above 68°F; otherwise, manatees get stressed by the cold and can die. The temperature at Crystal River is around 72°F/22°C.
    3. These gentle giants move slowly but can reach up to 15 mph.
    4. Their skin is covered with barnacles in the gulf during summer and algae in the springs in winter.
    5. They are an aquatic relative of the elephant.
    6. Manatees breathe every 2 – 4 minutes, resting only every 20 minutes.
    7. A newborn calf is already 3-4 feet long, and an adult an average of 10 feet.
    8. The weight is, on average, 1000 pounds but can be even higher.
    9. Actually, a manatee could get up to 60 years old, but often less than 30 years in the wild.
       
      Other Activities
      • Kayaking
      • Birding
      • Scalloping from July to mid-September
      • Swimming in the Rainbow Springs

      Are you wondering about the different water quality of my pictures? We went on two separate tours to other springs. One spring was the main at Three Sisters with lots of activities by a huge number of manatees, the reason for the poor visibility. However, here we spotted the biggest of it all. We went to a smaller spring on the other tour with fewer manatees and younger ones; therefore, we had better visibility in the water. 

      Please get in touch with me if you wish to use any of my photos, but I will take action against picture theft.

      Nearby Places
      Birding and Beaches at Honeymoon Island in Florida
      95 km
      Birding and Beaches at Honeymoon Island in Florida
      Honeymoon Island was offered for newlyweds for two weeks free honeymoon by…
       Everglades National Park in Florida - Best Time - 9 Things to Do
      389 km
      Everglades National Park in Florida - Best Time - 9 Things to Do
      The Everglades consist of a freshwater river and the saltwater of the Gulf of…
      John Pennekamp State Park - Key Largo Snorkelling
      471 km
      John Pennekamp State Park - Key Largo Snorkelling
      Key Largo it is known for a dozen excellent snorkelling dive spots. The most…
      Snorkeling at Cayo Levisa
      675 km
      Snorkeling at Cayo Levisa
      Cayo Levisa is 4 km long and accessible only by ferry which takes about half an…
      Cayo Jutias
      702 km
      Cayo Jutias
      Most beautiful Island that we've ever seen. We took a cheap tour from Vinales…
      Valle Ancon - Vinales
      703 km
      Valle Ancon - Vinales
      Valle Vinales once covered by a mountain limestone range, but today much has…
      Vinales - All About Tobacco Plantations in Cuba
      707 km
      Vinales - All About Tobacco Plantations in Cuba
      Vinales is a must to see where real Cuban cigars come from. But Vinales is more…
      Birding at Zapata, Playa Larga
      747 km
      Birding at Zapata, Playa Larga
      Birding at National Park Zapata is outstanding. We did this guided tour twice…
      Snorkeling at Playa Larga
      752 km
      Snorkeling at Playa Larga
      Best months to visit Playa Larga are November/December through April. The reef…
      Crab Migration Playa Larga in Cuba
      753 km
      Crab Migration Playa Larga in Cuba
      In April female land crabs start to migrate from forests to the sea to release…
      Created by
      Micha Herber-Bleich
      Micha Herber-Bleich
      I am always open, curious about new…